When it’s warm outside, people rush inside to hold themselves cool. For newer autos that use aluminum radiators, it is advised to use an epoxy gun to seal the leaking locations. For this reason, the radiator is typically installed just in front of your Ford’s grille, allowing it to make use of the air that passes through the vehicle’s grille insert. To maximize the air flow, I wanted the new fan mounted as close to flush as possible. Pull the radiator out of the automobile and unhook the fan assembly and attach it to the new radiator. The super silent Antec fan seems to cool the mineral oil relatively efficiently. Third, the thermostat automatically adjusts the amount of water entering in to the radiator according to the temperature of the cooling water, so as to ensure that the engine performs inside a appropriate temperature range, which can play a role in saving energy consumption. After undertaking so, set your cooling fan down upright, creating confident to defend the clutch. Regardless of the reason why an engine overheats, frequent overheating episodes are a cause for concern. Pusher-style fans mount on the front of the radiator and blow air by way of the radiator core. The first radiators have been a basic network of round brass or copper tubes with water flowing by way of them. The standard electrical cooling fan circuit requires a temperature sensor, a relay, a management module and also the fan motor. Failures of the cooling systems have been, by far, the major lead to of engine failures. The exhaust fan sucks in the air and pulls it outwards, whilst at the same time bringing in fresh air from the outside. Low FPI-rads as properly as higher-pressure fans ought to be preffered for such setups. Turbo charged or supercharged engines could have an intercooler , which is an air-to-air or air-to-water radiator utilised to cool the incoming air charge—not to cool the engine. In case some vehicles have two electric fans, one particular for the air conditioner condenser and the other for the radiator. Considering that the oil filled radiator heats liquid rather than heating components the air isn’t dried out. Possibly the most essential among them is airflow or how much air you are going to push or pull through your radiator measured by CFM (Cubic Feet per Minute). At about 100 degrees Celsius the onboard pc will turn the radiator fan on to additional help to cool down the coolant. The fans need to have to construct far more pressure to move the very same amount of air through two radiators than a single. Most modern day autos use radiators made of thin aluminum tubes. Tiny and effective, numerous electric fans can be mounted either in front of the grill to push air or behind the radiator to pull in air. As the coolant program stress increases with a rise in temperature, it will reach the point exactly where the pressure relief valve permits excess pressure to escape. Designed to transfer heat from the mixture of water and the coolant coming from the engine, the radiator is a variety of heat exchanger. It assists in cooling the engine and sustaining minimum operating temperature of the engine. There are some inspections and tests that you can do your self or you can take help of a mechanic to keep your vehicle’s cooling method. Belts: A loose belt might stop the pump from circulating the liquid fast enough and the fan from operating quick for appropriate cooling. As such, you must by no means drive your vehicle if the cooling fan is not working even even though you can. Standard cleaning of the radiator will stop overheating and avoid any major accidents. Utilizing an electrical fan offers some definite advantages over your standard belt-driven engine fan so if you are contemplating fitting one particular to your automobile then right here are handful of pointers to aid you pick the proper fan for your application. That I can not answer for specific, to the ideal of my expertise the major benefit will come round pomoting airflow about the radiator, so whicher moves the most air for the least amount of funds is the solution I would personally select. There are several organizations that provide you with different types of radiator cooling fans. On modern cars, further regulation of cooling price is supplied by either variable speed or cycling radiator fans. Now take a appear at the cooling fan. Take for example the hose, this may look to be just an ordinary portion but when broken, the coolant can escape and so it is no longer achievable for the system to cool the engine. In terms of pricing, the Radfan tiny is £40 and 51cm lengthy with an airflow capacity of 25 cubic feet per minute (CFM).
If not, you may possibly have a thermostat sticking or low coolant. The most typical symptom of a failed thermostat is overheating at highway speeds. This will give you access to the electrical connectors as properly as the decrease radiator hose and transmission cooling lines on the automatic. These use a sound state relay for your cooling supporters, as effectively as relays have a tendency to overheat and fail. The cooling fan draws cooler air through your radiator when your auto is not going rapidly adequate to bring it via the front. For troubleshooting, the engine should be checked if it is overheating, the cooling fan must be observed closely if it switches on when the engine temperature exceeds from typical. These engine-cooling fans are employed in numerous applications besides the automobiles, like street rods, passenger cars, trucks, racecar water radiators, oil coolers and differential coolers. These fans run continuously, using much more engine energy to cool the radiator. For this reason, automotive technicians typically advise operators to turn on the heater and set it to high if the engine is overheating , to assist the major radiator. A excellent way to check it is to feel the upper part of the radiator hose when the car is warm. If the radiator fan fails or is not working effectively, your automobile can get seriously broken, and repairs would cost thousands of dollars. Your Natrad specialist can aid you to choose the appropriate radiator cooling fan for your automobile. The coolant then flows from the inlet to the outlet via several tubes mounted and arranged in a parallel pattern. The fan clutch also minimizes noise by slowing down or disengaging the fan at high way speeds, and a handful of even help speed engine warm up all by means of cold weather. Automobile radiators are constructed of a pair of metal or plastic header tanks, linked by a core with numerous narrow passageways, giving a higher surface region relative to volume. Practically all the radiator fans have four to six blades, which depend upon the size of the car. Lastly the most critical consideration is going to be the size you have to work with in the vehicle or the size of the electric fan and how it all fits with each other. The process of the VDO Auxiliary Fan Assembly is to enhance air flow to the car’s energy plant. A pusher-style fan can be employed as an auxiliary cooling source, but you should sure make the fan covers as significantly of the radiator core as feasible. Take away the electric fan by removing the two small bolts (8MM heads) that connect the fan to the radiator cross member. In the occasion that a vehicle’s cooling program finally offers way, a motorist need to be ready to purchase a replacement radiator. Blowing cooler outside air via the radiator, if the fan does not operate appropriately temperatures could rise up to 50%. 1 huge fan will provide much better airflow than two smaller fans. If motorists fail to add an adequate amount of antifreeze, the resulting frost that forms inside the radiator can result in significant internal harm to the complete assembly, as properly as worsen engine heating problems. At beneath £50 these are definitely worth taking into consideration if you reside in an older house or really feel that you need to have to enhance your heating efficiency and efficiency. I also tested with the radiators in parallel flow, but I lost some of the information and got the rest mixed up, so I will have to redo those tests. Folks look to have an problem with the performance of the fans themselves, getting too tiny to move a decent quantity of air. During highway driving, most cooling systems use a forced air ventilation apparatus to preserve air movement more than your radiator fins and cool down your engine. A clogged radiator might be the reason your engine is overheating. SpeedComfort increases the heat output from your radiator by a aspect of two and is so power effective that it only uses around .9kWh of electrical energy per year, that’s much less than £0.15p in real funds. So which is much better for your application, properly most cooling technique producers or radiator producers will inform you that puller designs offer you a tiny much more efficiency, so if achievable go with the puller style especially if that’s your major coolant source. Coolant leaks can trigger poor efficiency, overheating engines, and sludge inside the radiator. Right here, I only tested the optimal flow-version (airflow from cooler to warmer rad). The major function of a fan is to circulate the air in the space making the spot cooler on the hot summer days and warmer on winter days.
If you want your car to execute at its best, you have to take excellent care of its engine and an successful radiator can contribute immensely in this regard. Here the water goes to the front rad initial, so the airflow goes from the warmer to the cooler radiator. Folks quizzed me on what I’d accomplished with the engine and cooling system. Mechanical belt-driven fans or fan clutches rely on the mechanical drive from the engine to operate. A water pump – generally a belt driven device, running directly off your engine itself, circulates this hot coolant liquid mixture, by way of the engine and then out by way of a standard auto coolant hose into the radiator of your automobile. To attain maximum static pressure in all applications, the wind blocker frame is created to perform with the Concentrated Compression Blade’s (CCB) pressure mechanism by directing airflow towards the middle section of the blade, thereby producing a compression impact and blocking any stress from escaping. Very first, poor engine cooling: Poor engine cooling can result in the water temperature in the tank to be also higher. Also the coolant should be of high high quality, since if there are any impurities in the engine’s radiator or the cooling method is damaged, its cooling properties will go down. When the engine is cold, the thermostat is closed except for a small bypass flow so that the thermostat experiences adjustments to the coolant temperature as the engine warms up. Engine coolant is directed by the thermostat to the inlet of the circulating pump and is returned straight to the engine, bypassing the radiator. As the coolant passes via the radiator, the heat is absorbed by the aluminum physique and dissipated into the cool air blowing surrounding it. Very typically, an electric fan blows cold air into the radiator to expedite the cooling process. GM Original Gear Engine Cooling Fan Blade by ACDelco®. Automobiles shouldn’t be driven about if their radiators are either broken down or leaking also much coolant fluid. Exactly where an further cooling fan is driven by the engine, this also tracks engine speed similarly. As for cooling, martin would know much better but from my encounter with constructing ventilation, right after a specific point, the air resistance and turbulence brings a point of diminishing returns. Step 12: Mix the engine coolant with distilled water in the right proportions for your automobile and pour it into the correct region. If you have an electric cooling fan we have fan blades, motors, switches, relays, and complete assemblies. When the air coming by way of the radiator is hot, the spring expands and opens an inner valve that decreases clutch slippage. Occasionally it feels as if the radiator fan is not working even although it is. This is possible when the amount of coolant in your method is low. Most vehicles activate the cooling fan at medium or higher speeds when the air conditioning is turned on. The radiator switch is a switch that tells the cooling fan to come on when the coolant reaches a certain temperature. The eggs turn out to be cooked due to the heated water contained inside the radiator. The radiator does not manage the heat levels in your engine all alone the heat exchange procedure is coupled with the utilization of a properly-identified, heat-absorbing liquid known as coolant. The cooling fan wire will have two wires optimistic and damaging, and must be putting out 12 volts dc. If there is no voltage verify the wires and the fan relay. The auxiliary fan assembly is located straight in front of the radiator and forces cooler outside air previous the radiator fins. You can use these fans as major or auxiliary coolant sources as they can match a small bit a lot more easily into your engine bay depending on the obtainable space. The car’s engine can swiftly overheat if there is any issue with the car’s cooling system and this peril is specifically higher in very slow moving traffic or during hot, summer days. Employing the proper radiator fluid: The variety of coolants identified at an auto provide store might confuse the typical person. Positioning the fan and its electric motor in front of the radiator should also have aerodynamic advantages as properly. The radiator fan has an important job in the engine compartment. 1st, loosen the plug on the bottom of the radiator and drain the engine coolant into a resealable container. Thermostat closes when the engine is cold and enables it to warm up and opens up to pass the coolant when minimum operating temperature is reached. We can supply a tow and get your vehicle into the shop without having overheating it for the repairs.
The engine can be turned on and looked for leaks, the engine need to not be turned off as the radiator is getting filled and this should be continued till coolant spills out from all bleed points. Certain vehicles the threading is diverse, some are threaded to the right and some are threaded to the left, to reduced the threat of harm,be positive to check the automobile repair manual. An all-liquid design may operate between 30°C and 90°C, supplying 60°C of temperature distinction to carry away heat. Whether or not you’re searching to do a cooling system upgrade or a complete on engine conversion, it’s hard to beat Flex-a-lite’s radiator style. Electric cars might not have a fan belt. Monitor the fan performance,adjust the fan speeds,and customize the lighting effects for Thermaltake Plus RGB liquid cooling goods with the patented TT RGB PLUS Software and an exclusively created mobile app.Select a function from beneath and scroll down to study the information. The cooling fan keeps the engine away from overheating. The water with also higher temperature will not release heat, and it will evolve into a “pan”. Such a system can take advantage of the particular heat of vaporization , which in the case of water is five instances the distinct heat capacity in the liquid type. Began with the motors, then the blades…all that was left was to add the radiator and get it mounted up. Here’s a shot or two of the reassembly and fans mounted on the radiator. Bear in mind that the peak rates on Economy tariffs are usually significantly larger than at any time on non-Economy tariffs and these prices apply to all appliances used during peak hours, not just radiators. Water pump tends to make sure that the cooled water or coolant passes the engine with a constant velocity. Upgrading your overall performance car’s cooling method will allow its engine to operate at larger temperatures a lot more efficiently. The size of the radiator (and therefore its cooling capacity ) is selected such that it can hold the engine at the design temperature beneath the most intense circumstances a automobile is probably to encounter (such as climbing a mountain whilst completely loaded on a hot day). Vehicle engineers attempted to locate answers to removing this heat from the engine and their outcome was the water-cooled radiator. To stop this from happening, water and coolant liquid is pumped through many elements of the engine to absorb heat. But all these methods of rising the car’s energy output have a series of downsides and an incredible amount of heat is the most crucial a single. At this limiting situation, not only will this develop unnecessary noise but stalling of the air will drastically decrease the functionality of the fan, and is a not uncommon failing in a number of fan installations I have observed. They can be mounted at off-angles in the engine compartment, so lengthy as they assist in cooling the radiator. If your water pump is undesirable, your vehicle will overheat inside a couple of minutes soon after it is began. The major purpose is basically simply because the two age at concerning the quite exact same rate, so in the occasion the water pump has failed, the fan clutch may possibly also fail swiftly. These fans are generally lighter, and they release energy drained by mechanical fans or fan clutch systems, giving a clear overall performance advantage and more powerful cooling. Later, I found that in addition to the fan that is inside of two radiator banks, it is also achievable to mount an (obtainable separately) Noctua fan on the outside of one of the radiators, yielding a two-fan answer. As quickly as motorists detect any of these scents, they must act upon them immediately and have their vehicles checked or repaired. Several times the hardest thing about restoring your auto or truck is discovering a leading-rated source for the best components like an AC Delco auxiliary fan assembly. An electric radiator heats by convection. The oil in the radiator is slowly heated to the desired temperature, and then the heating unit shuts off. A low performance car with an inefficient radiator has no spot on the busy roads of neighborhoods like North Hollywood. The coolant that gets heated in the procedure is circulated back to the radiator where it flows by way of the narrow pipes of the radiator grille. Electric fan heaters also function on the same principle the only important difference being that the fan forces air across the electric element speeding up the movement of warm air.
In case you notice the engine generates heat more rapidly, there should be anything incorrect with the cooling mechanism and it wants upkeep. The engine of a car has a combustion chamber exactly where continuous explosions take location and as such the engine heats up really swiftly. A radiator is responsible for handling extra power or heat that the engine produces to perform well. Cooling fans are categorized by cubic feet per minute (cfm) ratings. A corroded or broken radiator can quickly grow into larger issues for your cooling method and your engine. The excessive heat of the engine compartment and harsh components of the road also contribute to premature failure of radiator fan components. The radiator caps are a crucial element of the cooling method and are prone to fatigue and put on, and this might lead to loss of pressure control. Consider two cooling systems that are otherwise comparable, operating at an ambient air temperature of 20°C. These fins heat the air that moves more than them and cool the oil as they cool. First verify the fuse to the cooling fan, if undesirable, replace it. When the auto is obtaining hotter than typical and the fan ought to be on, unplug the fan wire. Expense of the fans aside, push + pull on radiators has always worked pretty properly and a excellent way to get a bump in overall performance with no rising noise too a lot a lot more. Some of the better electric fans can push more than 3,000 cubic feet of air per minute and have ten blades. Right after you have repaired the leaks, it is advisable to refill the cooling system with a higher high quality coolant. This portion controls airflow and minimizes the work your fan has to make in order to help your cooling system. The radiator’s job is to hold the coolant cool so that when it returns back into the engine, it is in a position to absorb far more heat. Most of the fuel energy in a vehicle is converted into heat (roughly 70%), and it is the job of a car’s cooling system to take care of that heat. An electric element is concealed inside the radiator, which heats up and radiates heat out evenly from the front of the radiator. The auxiliary fan assembly improves air circulation by means of the radiator so that the coolant is effectively cooled. Their principal advantage is that they are less difficult to repair than the not too long ago manufactured radiators. Aside from the radiator, the cooling method is composed water pump, freeze plugs, head gasket, thermostat, hoses, heater core, fan clutch and radiator fan. As you would know, all internal combustion engines generate energy by burning fuel and this energy drives the wheels of your automobile. The goal of the radiator in your Nissan Altima is to maintain the engine from overheating. The cooling method comprises of: the radiator, radiator fan, water pump, thermostat, stress cap, bypass system, hoses and heater core. If the thermostat is broken, it can not signal the radiator to cool the engine down at the appropriate time, therefore causing the engine to overheat. These might be either oil-air radiators, as for a smaller version of the principal radiator. Radiator Cooling Fans transfer heat blown through it by the fan. Numerous tubes are arranged parallel and the superheated liquid flows from the inlet although the fins conduct the heat from the tube and transfer it to the air, blown by the fan by means of the radiator. Typically, there are two varieties of cooling systems utilized in a automobile: liquid cooling and air cooling. An evaporative cooling method may operate among 80°C and 110°C, which at 1st glance appears to be significantly less temperature distinction, but this analysis overlooks the huge quantity of heat energy soaked up throughout the generation of steam, equivalent to 500°C. The flex fan has gained popularity in the higher-performance automobile and racing circuit. Everyone who has utilized an electric heater knows that they dry out the air. The most reasonable explanation was that the fan that came mounted on the radiator basically was inadequate to the activity of pushing adequate air by means of it. Make the most out of all the heat generated by your radiator with this Standard Radiator Fan from Radfan, which will not only leave you feeling cosier but also save you money in the lengthy run. The Valeo auxiliary cooling fan is an electric fan that pushes outside air over the radiator to keep it cool. Hold your heating bills in verify by creating the most of the warmth your radiators pump out. My replacement heat sink is a Nactua NH-D9DX i4 3U (not an affiliate hyperlink), selected simply because it really is got excellent cooling capacity and it doesn’t overhang the ILM (that is, it goes straight up, and the memory that’s next to the ILM will not lead to a clearance issue).
Consequently, a vehicle owner can make sure that the radiator operates effectively by allowing the coolant to flow through it correctly. The Bosch auxiliary cooling fan assists to hold the engine cool and prevents overheating. With the body drenched in perspiration, the fans can rapidly lead to it to dissipate and bring coolness to the body. My Nissan np200 heater does not blowing warm or hot air i ‘ve even changed the old thermostat and replace with new one but nonetheless the same please assist. Electric fans are controlled by a thermostatic switch or the engine control unit Electric fans also have the benefit of providing good airflow and cooling at low engine revs or when stationary, such as in slow-moving site visitors. As the coolant passes by means of the tiny tubes, it transfers the heat it has absorbed to the blowing air from the grille. The program is filled with distilled water and permitted to bleed and fans permitted to warm up. Then the variac is turned on to apply heat load and dialed in to 100W and the fans are adjusted to 640RPM. Whenever the engine would start, the radiator fan would start spinning. Aircraft with liquid-cooled piston engines (generally inline engines rather than radial) also demand radiators. When repairing such sorts of leakages in this important automotive component, it is recommended you let the vehicle cool down completely. Electric convectors normally consist of a hollow case open at the best and bottom with a visible coil heating element. Oil filled radiators have a number of positive aspects over typical heaters that make them safer, and far more efficient. The driver will know when the auto is on the limit of overheating by looking at that plastic bottle and removing the radiator cap. It is drawn by the water pump from the radiator and is pumped by way of engine block and the cylinder head to absorb the heat from the engine and its components. Although they do nevertheless require to be plugged into a wall to draw power, the quantity is only about one fourth of what a standard electric heater would use. Oftentimes the temperature can be regulated by a built in thermostat, and they usually have programmable timers permitting you to switch the heater on and off anytime it is needed to do so-even if you are not but at house. SpeedComfort is Europe’s ideal-promoting radiator fan for boosting the warmth from your heating method and is already assisting 50,000+ properties to remain warm and save energy. The automotive engine of the vehicle produces a massive amount of heat that can be severely damaging for the engine and its components. Overheating is not a single-sided difficulty but it mostly benefits from typical factors. Despite the fact that engines are made to withstand high temperatures and pressure, if this happens on a consistent basis then engine damage is imminent and that indicates either an end to your car or a huge hole in your wallet. Puller-style fans mount behind the radiator and draw air through the core. The cause behind this is that a cooling fan is important to maintain electronics cool -if electronics are not cooled down properly then they will ultimately turn into broken, and will do so at an increased rate if the cooling fan is ineffective. If applicable, reinstall the air conditioner condenser, radiator core and automatic transmission cooler hose. ACDelco GM Original Equipment Fan Blades are made to maintain the suitable airflow to the radiator, which keeps your engine from overheating. Electric fans have their positive aspects when it comes to small import and compact cars, exactly where size is the major consideration. Engine Cooling Fan Motor by 4 Seasons®. It is much power efficient than your air conditioning or heating program in your property. ACDelco GM Original Equipment Fan Assemblies are designed to keep the suitable air flow by way of the radiator, which keeps your engine from overheating. Without this important cooling technique of your “energy-plant”, the heat constructed up from the exploding gasoline vapors (in a gas engine), would quickly overheat and in the end ruin your engine. If you are looking for that excellent engine cooling fan, you happen to be in the right location. This fan will begin automatically when your car is warm or when the air conditioning is turned on. The very best way to check it is to start off your auto and turn on the air conditioner. Overheating issues are generally a non-issue, regardless of how dramatic” the smoke coming out from beneath the hood looks. Take pleasure in exclusive access to the complete range of fan clutches, engine cooling fans and fan assemblies from all producers.
Thus, the radiator fans come into image. I quite considerably took off the complete carb except for a couple hoses that have been actual pains in the asses… But eventually, following enough fiddling and prodding of the cable, I realized it was basically a sticky return spring, just visible behind the best cooling fin of the cylinder. If you are possessing troubles with automobile cooling, your neighborhood Natrad can execute a cost-free cooling technique inspection, and diagnose the result in of the issue. Where engines are mid- or rear-mounted, it is frequent to mount the radiator behind a front grill to attain sufficient airflow, even though this needs extended coolant pipes. The application delivers genuine-time fan warning alerts when overall performance operating problems have manage panel of the failed fan will be grey out,so you can quickly identify which fan is causing problems. Radiator fluid ought to be flushed and replaced each two years on most autos to stop corrosion in the cooling method. Summit Racing carries a huge selection of electric radiator fans to comprehensive your cooling system upgrade. Cost-successful to run, the energy-saving Radfan prevents unnecessary heat loss by quietly re-directing warm air into the centre of the space, leaving you feeling cosier and saving you pennies at the identical time. A car radiator is a heat-exchanging device that keeps the engine cool by acquiring rid of excess heat through the radiation approach. Right here at Merlin we stock a wide variety of electric cooling fans. Prior to World War II, engine coolant was typically plain water. The want for evaporative cooling was soon to be negated by the widespread availability of ethylene glycol based coolants, which had a reduce particular heat , but a much larger boiling point than water. Most oil filled radiators have a reduce of switch for overheating, electrical overload, and tip more than accidents. For more than 55 years, Hayden Automotive has been the leader in performance cooling products for transmission, engine and energy steering oil cooling. Your auxiliary fan assembly brings fresh outside air into the radiator to enhance the cooling procedure. Cleaning methods for radiators, boilers, and electric-heater fans. As the radiator cools the fluid, the coolant becomes denser and falls. Right now almost each application demands radiators fans. An auxiliary fan assembly draws cool exterior air via the radiator to speed up the reduction of heat. Comparable to pumps this increases the pressure capability and specifically excellent for dense radiators. As airspeed is higher than for automobiles, these are efficiently cooled in flight, and so do not need massive areas or cooling fans. Electric radiators are usually regarded as becoming one hundred% efficient as nearly one hundred% of the electrical energy consumed by the radiator is converted into heat and released into the space. The ECU is responsible for starting the radiator fan once the engine gets hot. The non-thermal (torque limiting) fan clutch does not possess a temperature sensing capability. Some vehicle radiators last a couple of years even though other folks last decades. Now to move the fan to the other side and see what occurs when the fan is pushing air by means of the radiator. Building, tubing, airflow and cost are some of the issues that affect the radiator. The function of the radiator is to lower the temperature of the hot coolant that passes from the engine and to send it back to the engine via hoses, thermostat and water pump. The bigger the radiator, the huge amount of heat it can remove from the engine. The clutch fan is comprised of a disk-like housing that types the hub of the fan, and sits in front of the water pump. After parking the automobile for 15 20 minutes with ac on its engine temperature goes to half and ac trips and radiator fans are off. It is secure to execute a leak verify when the car is cold and the engine is switched off. There are relatively lightweight low-profile fans, and thicker, heavier high-performance fans. It is normally a limitation of most cooling systems that the cooling fluid not be allowed to boil, as the want to handle gas in the flow significantly complicates style. This is where a cooling technique becomes necessary in a automobile. Yes, technically your engine does not want a cooling fan to operate. Step 6: Lift the radiator away from the engine, generating confident to have some towels or a catch basin underneath the radiator to catch any remaining coolant still inside the radiator. We’re providing a Free Cooling System Check as thanks for choosing us. T&Cs apply.