Electrician Explains What Happens When Using Wrong Light Bulb Wattage

Understanding common household light bulb shapes, sizes, and styles is important whether you’re converting outdated incandescent fixtures into energy-efficient ones or using LED bulbs for new-construction applications. If yes, then the light fixtures to be placed near the pond and in the arc of the sprinklers need to be waterproof. In traditional incandescent PAR bulbs, a U-shaped reflector is used to maximize brightness and direct light through the front of the bulb in a narrow spot beam or wide flood beam pattern. Ease of installation: Even though low voltage landscape light fixtures are pretty easy to replace, you won’t need to when upgrading your existing ones to LED bulbs. If you want to use just the lights and not the cable, you can do that as well. In a typical set-up, the main lamp would have a 150 W medium-base bulb, and the night light would have 7 W candelabra bulb. Tip: If none of the bulbs lights up, you may have a faulty transformer or outdoor electrical outlet. The Brilliance LED WIFI Smart Socket 2 is designed specifically for your landscape lighting transformer and provides remote control of your entire lighting system from anywhere in the world. However, make sure the electrical outlet you use to power the transformer is a ground-fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) outlet, as it will protect you from electrical shocks. It’s compatible with most low voltage landscape lighting system. The transformer is the power center that powers your entire landscape lighting system. Lenses and grates can be easily installed on these fixtures for many custom lighting applications. The fixtures are arranged so that the leads can be tied together to a trunk wire leading back to the transformer. One solution for a flickering light bulb is to bend the tab in the socket slightly upward to assure a better electrical contact. Most professional series transformers are rated for use with underwater fixtures but are not pool and spa rated. Low-Voltage Electrical Cable: The cable used for landscape lighting is specifically made for burial underground. Overlamping occurs when you buy a light bulb with a wattage that’s too high for your electrical fixture to handle. Screw-In Extender and Light Converter let you use easily convert the 120 volt medium base socket in an existing recessed fixture into an adjustable low voltage light source using 12 volt AR-111 or PAR-36 halogen reflector lamps up to 75 watts. Freight shipping may be required for heavy or oversized items, which includes large lighting fixtures and furniture. Some transformers might just carry one individual light bulb, while others might be able to carry several lower wattage light bulbs in a series. The reason low voltage lighting is used outdoors is because it’s safer. In order to be able to run from a mains electricity supply, low voltage bulbs require a separate unit called a transformer. Light Converter let you use low voltage lamps for energy efficiency and to achieve tight beam spreads. Lots of people tried LED lighting when it was first available and it often produced dim, cold puddles of light. The European Commission directive in September 2016 banned the manufacture of this type of power-hungry spotlights. With the power off, bend the tab in the bottom of the socket slightly upward with a screwdriver. Converts 120 volt medium base socket to 12 volts for use with 12 volt AR-111 or PAR-36 lamps up to 75 watts. Swivelier light extender units are the easiest and most economical means of converting recessed fixtures into an adjustable light source. Because this is a low voltage landscape light, it works with 12V or 24V working voltages. There’s a plethora of light fixtures available in various price ranges. Let’s take a look at three main components of your landscape lighting, and how to tell if it needs repairing or replacing. Landscape lighting serves to do the same thing. If installing track lighting, install the connector cover over the track lighting power head and attach the cover directly to the electrical box. Running the 12v lighting cable after that is then a simple and safe process and needs no electrician. We also sell 12V light bulbs, but these need to be used in conjunction with a 12V transformer. If you’ve still to upgrade your halogen spotlights to LED, time is running out. Transformer is installed correctly however only the two spot lights and one of the path lights, the last one in the line, illuminate. The lamp ‘cap’ or ‘connector’ is the base of the bulb that plugs or screws into the lamp fitting or socket. Firstly, all our garden and outdoor lighting products (cables, connectors, LED’s etc) utilise very safe low voltage (12v) electricity and not the dangerous 230V-240V ‘mains’ electricity found in the UK. For low-voltage DC, there are many different socket options that you can use besides standard 120VAC sockets and plugs that will alleviate confusion. The LED light bulbs we sell operate on a UK standard 240V AC, and the light bulbs have a built-in transformer to change this 240V to the LED required voltage. The operation of the switch is still the same, such that the night light comes on, then the main lamp, then both together, then it goes back to off.

If you want to dim lights from a single switch, you can use a single dimmer with everything you need. Hold a noncontact voltage detector next to the light switch that powers the current light fixture. Retrofit LED – These are universal line voltage housings that have a LED plug connector rather than a screw base socket. The voltage reading at the hub must reflect the same reading for all lights in the group. Durability: LED bulbs are known for their robustness and it may be years before you have to hunker down in the dirt again to replace a garden bulb. Every night, between a and b time, the lighting turns off and then back on. This happens about 3-5 times a night. Secondly, it’s important to understand that each manufacturer design their specific lights, cables, connectors and fittings to be connected easily. To make your current garden lighting system smart, which usually just means controlled by voice or an app, remove all programming from your power transformer, switch it to the “on” position manually and leave it that way. 10 wired push-in style T5 landscape light Sockets. Unique is certainly making great strides in changing people’s opinion of low-voltage lighting and your passion for doing so is obvious. I just checked online and you can get an outdoor LED bulb like that for $14 that puts out more than half the light of a 100W incandescent and only uses 10 W. If you get two of them, you end up with more light, less cost (counting the batteries), longer running time, more lightweight batteries, and no dangerous voltages. It runs from the transformer to each light fixture in the system. There are also other caps used with downlights, spotlights, capsules, tubes and other bulbs. Most low voltage spotlights will be between 12-24 volts. Each transformer has a “maximum wattage load.” Typically, this is what the actual product is labeled. You’re going to place it back once you’ve installed the lights. Install the low-voltage light bulbs into your flush-mount or pendant-style low-voltage lighting fixture. A standard screw lamp socket has only two electrical contacts In the center of the bottom of a standard socket is the hot contact (contact one in photo), which typically looks like a small metal tongue bent over. They are low voltage bulbs usually requiring 12V or 24V. Both line-voltage and low-voltage lighting systems have advantages. Modern fixtures reveal their wattage rating somewhere in the assembly—you just have to know how to look for it. Once you identify your fixture’s wattage rating, buy a lamp that matches or is below what’s listed. The same goes for low voltage spotlights, but as they use transformers to convert mains voltage to a suitable lower one, you have to be careful to install the right LED light bulbs. If this occurs bury the extra at the base of the fixture or when using well low voltage garden lights, wrap the extra lead around the fixture. But Innerwill LED landscape lights work really well with this problem. While a low-voltage bulb, such as a 50-watt MR16, doesn’t use less electricity than a standard line-voltage bulb with the same wattage, the former will provide nearly 100 watts’ worth of illumination for the same power consumption. Once this is done, switch on the transformer and test each and every light fixture. Just place the fixture in your garden then clip it to the landscape wire and you’re done. When you are replacing very specific bulbs, see you if you can get an ‘exact match’ or ‘perfect fit’ labeled bulb so that you know they will fit into the existing aperture. Replacement light sockets can fit a wide range of outdoor and landscape lighting applications such as : step lights, deck lights, fence lights, driveway lights, path lights, gazebo lights, paver lights, fountain & pond lights. The 12 fixtures are connected with 12-gauge cable and powered by a 300-watt transformer. For example, if you have a 40VA transformer for halogen light bulbs , you should not install 40-watts worth of LED light bulbs. While digging up a plant, i saw one of the wires in the ground, but did nothing to it or the lighting system. I had a quick look online and it is possible to source them as more and more LED bulbs are now being introduced. For example, you may find that a 1.5-watt LED bulb promises to replace an 11-watt incandescent bulb while delivering as much or more light, so much greater is LED’s efficiency. Three common types of low voltage garden lighting bulbs. The wires are usually inserted into a plastic base that the bulb is mounted in, and which is often narrower at the tip than at the bulb, giving it a wedge shape and usually ensuring a tight connection, depending on manufacturing tolerances Some bulbs have no plastic base, and the wires are simply bent up to the sides of the bulb’s glass base. In the picture that went with the ad on Amazon you can clearly see a filament wire inside the bulb, so it’s not an LED.

low voltage light switch 

Line-voltage and low-voltage fixtures and bulbs. If your equipment is using a high intensity discharge or Xenon bulb you must use the exact same bulb and you are not able to replace it with a bulb that has different specifications unless you consult with the equipment manufacturer or one of our lighting specialists. Low-voltage cable is commonly available in 12-, 14-, and 16-gauge. This is different from a light bulb’s stated wattage ( see below ). You can easily find 40W halogen bulbs at most hardware stores that run on 12 volts of electricity (AC or DC). The 5W LED light bulb is the ‘equivalent wattage’ of the 35W halogen light bulb. Low voltage MR16 downlights use a GU5.3 bi-pin cap. You can also use the 90º Elbow to vertically mount screw-in medium base PAR-20, PAR-30 or PAR-38 LED, Halogen or CFL spot or flood reflector lamps. Because more modern lighting options are available with low-voltage lighting in terms of fixtures, lenses, bulbs and beams, low-voltage lighting is ideal for illuminating artwork, creating a desired ambiance and lighting work spaces. Wattage tells you how much power a bulb uses, not how much light it puts out, though the two are at least directionally related. Therefore, to help the bulbs last for their full life rating, the fixtures are arranged in a spider” or hub” configuration. Generally, landscaping light fixtures are equipped with what’s known as snap-on connectors. RCD protection is now compulsory for some electrical devices, so check with an electrician if you’re not sure if yours has it. When fitting lights outdoors make sure you only fit weatherproof lights that are especially designed for outdoor use. Plug it into the matching socket labeled “Photocell Plug” on the face of the transformer. There are dozens of base types for light bulbs, most of them made up of a series of letters and numbers. Tech Lighting’s SoCo system of Sockets & Cords delivers choice, flexibility and the power of custom design. On a light colored home I usually use 4 watt LED products and on darker surfaces I may go up to a 6 watt LED product. First, the heating power in the bulb goes as the square of the voltage, at least until the voltage gets big enough for the bulb to heat up and increase its resistance. Firstly, they might be very hot (hotter than incandescent light bulbs); secondly, the oil from human fingertips can damage the quartz envelope when it is heated. This style light socket can be used to replace existing sockets, or add new lights to your system. You should check if there are already lighting fixtures installed. Poor connections — it’s the number one problem we see when we show up to repair landscape lighting. I have 2 gu4 halogen bulbs in my fireplace. The 5 amp small round pin socket is now primarily only used for lighting circuits. As this comes with a +10% tolerance, electrical equipment with a stated voltage of 240V is still fine to use on standard UK mains circuits. LED (light-emitting diode) light bulbs are the most technologically advanced and energy-efficient light bulbs available. In this configuration, the switched lamp one live terminal for the night light socket is exposed externally on the base of the socket, to be wired to the remote candelabra socket. Using higher quality bulbs, ideally LEDs, will generally avoid these problems. The Illinois-based company has applied that same standard to a growing collection of decorative and functional lighting. When properly connected to a 3-way socket containing a 3-way bulb, this switch will first power one filament, then the other filament, then both, then return to the off position. Second, the amount of visible light produced in the bulb is virtually zero until the filament temperature gets close to the standard operating temperature. The lights take their power from the transformer via ordinary two-core cable. They’re a bit longer than PAR bulbs and tend to protrude from light housings but are used in similar applications, such as track lights, recessed lights, display lights, or can lights. You can also choose from 1-year, 2-year, and 3-year low voltage light sockets, as well as from screw low voltage light sockets, and whether low voltage light sockets is wall socket, plug with socket, or tabletop socket. I think most of the LED’s sold for home use have some sort of rectifier etc to adapt to 115 V ac house electrical power. A specialist lighting retailer (or an electrician) can help ensure you choose an energy efficient LED that will work best. Next, it’s time to prepare the ground for your outdoor lighting. Sometimes the cost to repair landscape lighting will be enough to get you thinking about replacing the system instead. Converts from medium base to GU or GZ-10 base for line voltage ES16 or ESD16 halogen lamps up to 50 watts. For example, a 40VA transformer can handle up to a 40-watt halogen light bulb, while a 10-60VA one can carry between 10 and 60 watts worth of light bulbs.

Make a note of any ports or cables you require for your future lights. Most LED light bulbs can be used with existing light fittings (this is called retrofitting). Other low voltage bulbs include the MR11, which is a smaller version of the MR16. Probably the best way for you to find the problem without expensive equipment would be to disconnect all of the fixtures or pull all of the lamps and then reconnect them one at a time until you find the problem fixtures or lamps. Low-voltage lighting typically uses 12 or 24 volts and requires a transformer to lower the line voltage from 120 volts to avoid immediately burning out the low-voltage bulb. There are some specific transformers out there but generally, you do not need a special transformer for low voltage LED landscape lighting. Avoid using LED lighting in an area a pet is constantly exposed to. Cats, dogs and many other animals detect light flicker that humans can’t detect. Slip the two connector halves hanging from the bottom of the light fixture over the cable that’s protruding from the sod and pinch them together until you hear a click. Halogen spotlights are a form of incandescent light bulb that use a tungsten filament and a mix of inert and halogen gases to produce light. In outdoor lighting, most problems boil down to three main issues; but those issues can cause other problems — so let’s fix the main landscape lighting problems right from the start. If you want a softer product, the Sunriver LED landscape light is perfect for you. Common socket for 12V pathlights. Many bulbs have one electrical contact with screw threads on it, with the other contact as a round dot on the end of the base. The energy you save by replacing them will far outweigh any embedded carbon in the production of the old lightbulbs. Low-voltage cables are typically double stranded. You can tell this as low voltage bulbs have ‘pins’ (right – see below) to connect them and mains have ‘pegs’ (left). Once all the fixtures are installed, fill in the narrow cable trench with topsoil and top with grass seed. Standard bulbs are designed to work with a voltage of around 120 V, which is an unusual range for batteries. Match the black wire from your lighting fixture or your track lighting power head to the black wire from your ceiling. Flush-mount and pendant-style low-voltage lighting requires attaching a mounting bracket, provided with the fixture, directly to the electrical box in the ceiling. This would be typical in a 3-way floor-standing torchiere lamp A “keyed 3-way socket” has the switch incorporated in the lamp socket and requires no external wiring between switch and socket. Installed along walkways, steps, and driveways, or pointing up at trees, walls, and fences, the typical low-voltage lighting system requires just three components: a transformer, low-voltage electrical cable, and the fixtures. Because with the switch off, the path is through the light bulb and it would return the neutral to the switch and you would get 120 V. When you close the switch there would be close to zero volts ACROSS the switch. These bulbs are available in a variety of colors and can be used for many applications, including track lighting, recessed lighting, desk lights, and display case lighting. Inside the house, run the light supply cable back to a suitable position for cutting into a main lighting circuit cable with a four-terminal junction box. For this, line-voltage fixtures are basically plug-and-play. LED sets also have special bases that enforce electrical polarity , and keep them from being used in incandescent sets. Mix, match and cluster or just install a few at a time to put light exactly where you need it. A variety of socket, finish, color and length options ensure that the possibilities are almost limitless. When replacing Halogen MR16 light bulbs with LED light bulbs, it’s important to use LED light bulbs of equivalent wattage to your existing halogen light bulbs. Take the spool of cable and lay it beside the light fixtures, all the way till where the transformer will be installed. Your electrical power is more likely the U.S. standard 115 V or so. Your little bulb could easily be replaced with a CFL or LED bulb. Because of the directional light they provide, MR LED bulbs don’t require the facets but often still have them. Depending on the outdoor lighting system, fixture location and other things, there are several great options for making good waterproof connections. Also the wire sizing chart will help illustrate to our contractors there is voltage and amp drop in LED. This is applicable to all socket sorts besides ROUTER, where queues are solely created after the peer we connect with has acknowledge our connection. Since the transformer is already plugged in, the fixture should light up. If it doesn’t, pull apart the connector and try again, or check the lightbulb.

There are two areas that you should be looking at when it comes to testing: the transformer and the lights. There are 452 suppliers who sells low voltage light sockets on , mainly located in Asia. The three main and most important characteristics you must match with the replacement bulbs are the lamps voltage, wattage and base. One of the simplest types of lighting is low voltage. An 11 watt LED fixture may actually be using more like 20 watts VA. Then the wire size and length also contributes to the load on the transformer. If you are upgrading to low voltage LED bulbs, make sure you change your transformers at the same time. Check with the lighting manufacturer to determine the proper-size cable to use for your specific system. Part of our complete line of outdoor landscape lighting fixtures, parts and fittings. Even if you don’t have solar panels, lighting uses a lot of power. The Hypergiant LED landscape light is also very adjustable. You can power your garden lights from a spur off a ring circuit, via a 5 amp fused connection unit. It could be an issue prior to the switch or past the light wherever the wires go next. Low-voltage landscape lighting is a simple improvement that can make a huge difference in how your home looks after dusk and in its safety and security as well. The switch usually picks up the live for the switch at the light fixture. If your light bulb is enclosed in a fixture, you will want to pay even more attention to buying the correct lightbulb. Click on any of the base illustrations above to see a list of light bulbs that have that base. For every light fixture or application, there’s going to be a specific bulb or light bulb shape that will fit best and provide the right type of light. Hence only specific lamp holders are suitable for dichroic lights. Some LED bulbs, like the Philips Master LED range , have in-built circuitry that can deal with most (but not all) transformers, so you don’t have to change them. If you decide to replace them with LED lights, you have to make sure that the positive terminal from the battery is connected to the positive terminal of the LED. In the past, when low voltage tungsten bulbs were used, the fixtures where daisy- chained with no real attention paid to bulb brightness, color or longevity because tungsten bulbs can burn for years on very little voltage. You can dim the lights from one central point and control power to lights (but not their brightness) from other locations. Begin by placing the light fixtures in the positions where you have decided to install them. Let’s start with the Zuckeo LED landscape lights. They are by no means the only voltages that can be used to operate lighting systems or appliances. Turn off the power to the fixture and use a non-contact voltage tester to make sure the power is off. That huge efficiency difference is why you can add more lights to your system without running into limits of transformer output or wire run length when you convert your bulbs to LED. Most bulbs that are used for general purpose lighting are mains voltage. While low-voltage light fixtures, bulbs and dimmers are considerably more expensive due to the need for a transformer, the operating costs over time are typically lower than line-voltage operation if the lighting system is frequently used. The wire from the other side of the switch goes to one lead from the LED. With streaming sockets, knowledge can be sent or acquired at any time. I personally use spring-loaded speaker terminals and just tin the ends of my DC lighting wires. At the stately 1930s-something home shown here, we installed 12 Intermatic fixtures in three different areas. Likewise, not all compact fluorescent (CFL) light fixtures can be dimmed. But the regular question is “How do I safely power the lights if they are not ‘mains’ driven?”. Although several types of fixture – ballasted compact fluorescent bulbs (such as the common PL-13) use a large wedge-like base, they are designated as bi-pin or quad-pin bases. We are specializing in producing and exporting various standard mid- high range wall light switch&socket, plugs, circuit breakers, lighting and some other low voltage light socket products. Set all the light fixtures back into position, checking to make sure they’re equally spaced. You might want to verify the circuit by getting a cheap keyless socket (basement ceiling type of light) and temporary connecting it and putting in a 40-100 watt bulb. Next, connect each light fixture to the cable. They can be used for many applications throughout the home, such as foyer lights, kitchen lights, chandeliers, and ornamental fixtures. Compact, mains powered halogen and LED downlights usually have two pins sticking out the back of the cap (a bi-pin cap). Most Edison base bulbs have a single contact at the center of the base. Those fixtures have limited life spans and provide minimal protection for the socket, light bulb, or LED lamp.

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